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Verde Valley Weather and River Temperatures
Verde River Specific Documents
River Channel Restoration, Stabilization, Fluvial Geomorphology and Dam Removal Documents
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Useful Links
Verde River Streamflow Gauges
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Verde River Video
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Verde Valley Weather

Clarkdale Weather Station, updated every 15 minutes

Verde River Water Temperature at The Verde River @ Clarkdale, upstream from Tuzigoot

May 6, 2012: 68.5F/20.2C
May 29, 2012: 72.5F/22.5C
June 3, 2012: 77.8F/25.4C
June 9, 2012: 72.5F/22.5C
July 13, 2012: 75.0F/24.0C
July 24, 2012: 82.0F/27.8C
August 19, 2012: 83.0F/28.3C
September 15, 2012: 68F/20C
November 28, 2012: 55F/13C
February 18, 2013: 51F/10.5C
March 17, 2013: 61F/16.1C
March 29, 2013: 64F/17.8C
April 21, 2013: 64F/17.8C
April 26, 2013: 68F/20.0C
May 17, 2013: 70F/21.1C
June 20, 2013: 76F/24.4C
July 19, 2013: 82F/27.8C
August 8, 2013: 77.2F/25.1C
August 24, 2013: 72.8F/22.7C
September 13, 2013: 71.0F/21.7C
December 9, 2013: 46F/7.8C
March 8, 2014: 58.5F/14.7C
March 15, 2014: 57.5F/14.2C
March 21, 2014: 57.5F/14.2C
March 28, 2014: 65.4F/18.6C
April 24, 2014: 68.9F/20.5C
May 10, 2014: 70.6F/21.4C
May 16, 2014: 72.4F/22.4C
May 26, 2014: 71.4F/21.9C
June 28, 2014: 78.0F/25.6C
July 4, 2014: 79.8F/26.6C
July 24, 2014: 78.0F/25.6C
August 1, 2014: 79F/26.1C
August 15, 2104: 78.6F/25.9C
August 29, 2014: 75.9F/24.4C
September 12, 2014: 70.9F/21.6C
September 18, 2014: 72.6F/22.5C
October 3rd, 2014: 63.2F/17.3C
October 10, 2014: 62.5F/16.9C
October 17, 2014: 62.1F/16.7C
October 24, 2014: 64.7F/18.2C
November 1, 2014: 60.7F/15.9C
November 11, 2014: 55.0F/13C
November 27, 2014: 51.5F/10.8C
January 18, 2015: 51.1F/10.61C
February 14, 2015: 56.5F/13.6C
March 14, 2015: 57.0F/13.9C
March 15, 2015: 60.7F/15.9C
April 25, 2015: 64.5F/18.1C
May 1, 2015: 69.6F/20.9C
May 22, 2015: 71.6F/22.0C
May 29, 2015: 74.1F/23.4C
June 6, 2015: 74.2F/23.4C
June 20, 2015: 76.7F/24.8C
June 27, 2015: 80.0F/26.7C
July 10, 2015: 72.4F/22.4C
August 8, 2015: 76.5F/24.7C
August 15, 2015: 77.6F/25.3C
August 29, 2015: 77.7F/25.4C


Verde River Specific

Scientific Studies, Reports, etc
Plants, Wildlife,Species Checklists and other biological treatments
Recreation Studies, Plans, etc.
Surface Water, Claims, Rights, Ditches, Dams, Etc.
Miscellaneous Verde River Documents

Verde River Corridor Project, June, 1991 (.doc format) .pdf format  Executive Summary
Verde River Watershed Study Arizona Department of Water Resources, 2000. A comprehensive look at the groundwater, surface water, geology, demographics, water uses, sources and quality of the Verde River Watershed. A quote from the opening paragraph: "Without proper planning, Arizona is in danger of losing enormous economic, aesthetic, and environmental benefits associated with the Verde River and its tributaries and the riparian areas associated with each."
Verde River Economic Development Study (VREDS) Final Report Doug Von Gausig, Becky O'Banion, Casey Rooney, 8/12/2011
Verde River Background and Policy Assessment Doug Von Gausig, Riparian Systems Consulting, 1/2012. Describes the current status of the Verde River flows and explores some of the challenges and solutions to preserving those flows.
Hydrogeology of the Upper and MiddleVerde River Watersheds, Central Arizona USGS, Blasch et al, 2005
Investigation of the Geology and Hydrology of the Upper and Middle Verde River Watershed of Central Arizona: A Project of the Arizona Rural Watershed Initiative USGS, Woodhouse, et al, 2002
Ecological Implications of Verde River Flows The Nature Conservancy, Verde River Basin Partnership, Arizona Water Institute, Haney et al, 2008
Sources of springs supplying base flow to the Verde River headwaters, Yavapai County, Arizona USGS, Wirt and Hjarlmarson, 2000.
The Verde River - a Cautionary Tale of Two Streamgages Ed Wolfe, January 20, 2011
Verde River Ecosystem Values Project, Final ReportNorthern Arizona University, Landsward Institute, January 2009, Patricia West, et. al.
Finding Hope in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Richard B. Norgaard, U.C. Berkeley  Abstract
Reconnaissance Watershed Analysis on the Middle and Upper Verde River Watershed Lloyd Barnett and Richard Hawkins, 2002. An excellent study of the effect of watershed vegetation alterations on runoff and water delivery in the Verde River Basin.
Verde River Almanac, compiled by Diane Joens with the Cooperation of the Verde Watershed Association, 2003 (Available only in print)
Community Conversation, 5/19/2011 Greg Kornrumph's Community Conversation as part of his Project CENTRL project, Yavapai College, 5/19/2011, MP3
Community Conversation Economic Impact PowerPoint Bob Raucher, Economist,Stratus Consulting, 5/19/2011
Policy Options for Water Management in the Verde Valley, Arizona The Nature Conservancy; Limnbrunner, Heberger and Henderson, 2011
Community Conversation Summary and Action Plan, Greg Kornrumph, et. al., July, 2011
Northern Arizona Regional Groundwater Flow Model Pool, Blasch, et. al., USGS, 2010
Public Opinion Strategies' March 2012 Survey of Verde Valley Residents' Attitudes about the Verde River This is a presentation made by Lori Weigel, of Public Opinion Strategies at the March 27th VVREO Community Conversation - very informative!
The State of the Verde River A summary of five years of water quality data collection by the Sierra Club's Arizona Water Sentinels (December 2006 to December 2011).
Environmental Flows and Water Demands: Central Arizona Region Water Resources Research Center, University of Arizona, 2012
Spatial and Seasonal Variability of Base Flow in the Verde Valley, Central Arizona, 2007 and 2011 USGS, 2012, Bradley D. Garner and Donald J. Bills
Arizona Dept. of Water Resources Water Atlas Chapter on the Verde River
The Battle to Save the Verde: How Arizona's Water Law Could Destroy One of its Last Free-flowing Rivers Meredith K. Marder, Arizona Law Review, 51:175
Verde River Ecosystem Values Project, Final Report, Patricia West et al, January 2009
Verde River Ecosystem Values Project, Final Report, Patricia West et al, January 2009
Using Geochemical Tracers to Determine Aquifer Connectivity, Flow Paths, and Base-Flow Sources: Middle Verde Watershed, Central Arizona Caitlan McEwen Zlatos, 2008. This report will help you understand the source aquifers of the base flow water in the Verde River.
SAHRA's Visualization Series on The Verde River Watershed  Includes short videos explaining how various aspects of the watershed work. A great primer on the Verde's systematics!
Possible Effects of Groundwater Pumping on Surface Water, Verde Valley, Arizona USGS, By Stanley A. Leake, U.S, Geological Survey, and Jeanmarie Haney, The Nature Conservancy, 2010. Also known as "SEGWAR."
Geophysical Framework Based on Analysis of Aeromagnetic and Gravity Data, Upper and Middle Verde River Watershed, Yavapai County, Arizona USGS Report 2005-5278. Abstract and Introduction  Accompanying map (Plate 1)
Simulated Effects of Groundwater Pumping and Artificial Recharge on Surface-Water Resources and Riparian Vegetation in the Verde Valley Sub-Basin, Central Arizona USGS Report 2010-5147
Human effects on the hydrologic system of the Verde Valley, central Arizona, 19102005 and 20052110, using a regional groundwater flow model U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 20135029. Bradley D. Garner, D.R. Pool, Fred D. Tillman, and Brandon T. Forbes. A new (4/2013)USGS report that uses the Northern Arizona Regional Groundwater Flow Model (NARGFM) to arrive at a water budget for the Verde Valley. Abstract  Summary
The Sierra Club's Water Sentinels flow report for the Verde May 5, 2013, Steve Pawlowski, Grand Canyon Chapter of the Sierra Club
Synthesis of Upper Verde River Research and Monitoring, 1993-2008 U.S. Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station, General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-291, December 2012. This volume is a state-of-knowledge synthesis of monitoring and research conducted on the Upper Verde River (UVR) of Arizona. It contains information on the history, hydrology, soils, geomorphology, vegetation, and fish fauna of the area that can help land managers and other scientists in successfully conducting ecosystem management and future monitoring and research in this important Southwest river ecosystem.
Arizona Public Media interview with USGS's Jim Leenhouts conducted by Mark Duggan, April 24th, 2013. Jim Leenhouts explains the recent USGS study that explains the human impact of water consumption in the Verde River Basin on the flows of the Verde River.
Central Yavapai Highlands Water Resources Management Study (CYHWRMS) Demand Analysis - Part 1
Central Yavapai Highlands Water Resources Management Study (CYHWRMS) Demand Analysis - Part 2
CYHWRMS Water Supply Alternatives Report Phase 3 Water Supply Alternatives from the Central Yavapai Highlands Water Resource Management Study (CYHWRMS), Bureau of Reclamation, 5/9/13. This is the analysis of possible water supply alternatives generated by CYHWRMS in their appraisal-level study.
Draft Executive Summary of the CYHWRMS Appraisal Level Study 5/6/13, Bureau of Reclamation. This is a draft Executive Summary of the Central Yavapai Highlands Water Resource Management Appraisal-Level Study, and may be revised significantly in the coming months.
Effect of Groundwater Pumping on Spring Flow to the Verde River, Hjalmar W Hjalmarson, PE, 3/30/2010. An examination of the effects of groundwater pumping on the springs that feed the flows of the Verde River.
Examination of base flow between Verde River gages 09503700 and 09504000. Win Hjalmarson, May 7, 2013. An examination of the effects of evapo-transpiration between the Paulden (headwaters) gauge and the Clarkdale gauge. The bottom line is that the average annual maximum loss for 34 miles = 0.272941 cfs per mile and the average annual loss for 34 miles = 0.118670 cfs per mile or 2,925 ac-ft.
Verde River TMDL for Turbidity February 2001,Arizona Department of Environmental Quality,Shad N. Bowman. An examination of the causes and best management practices to avoid excessive turbidity in the Verde River.
Potential Impacts to Property Values from Long-term Changes in Water Levels on the Colorado River and Its Tributaries: A Delphi Approach April 2013, Southwick Associates. An examination of the effect of reduction of river flows on the value of adjacent and regional property values. This report includes the Verde River. Executive Summary
The Case of The Yavapai County, Arizona Water Conflict: A Power and Politics Analysis Jane Whitmire, May 2013. Dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science, Northern Arizona University. An examination of the background, causes and possible solutions to a 20-year water conflict centered on the Verde River.
Workplan to Collect Geophysical Data for an Improved Hydrogeologic Conceptual Model of the Big Chino Sub-basin, Central Arizona USGS, January 16, 2014. This workplan will be used to define, among other things, the Big Chino's contribution to the river, and the temporal and volumetric impact of groundwater withdrawals in the Big Chino on the river. The cooperators (who requested the study and are paying for some portion of it) in this study are the City of Prescott, the Town of Prescott Valley and Salt River Project.
Assessment of Human Influence on Riparian Change in the Verde Valley, Arizona Sharon Masek Lopez and Abe Springer, NAU, 2002. This is an outstanding retrospective on the condition of the riparian zone and its changes due to human impacts over time.
Geomorphological Response to Land Use Change, Middle Verde River, Arizona Sharon R. Masek Lopez, 2009. Master's thesis, Northern Arizona University, 2009. This is an examination of how human land-use changes have affected the morphology and ecosystem of the Verde River from the 1960's until 2009.
Application of the Northern Arizona Groundwater Flow Model (NARGFM) to the Upper Verde River - PotentialFuture Declines Due to Additional Groundwater Extraction (Full Report)   Abstract Peter Kroopnick, 12/2014. This report builds on earlier work by the USGS in cooperation with the Verde River Basin Partnership (VRBP) and the Town of Clarkdale that applied the NARGFM in a series of simulations to gain a greater understanding of the past and potential future human impacts on the Middle Verde Rivers streamflow.
Paleoflood Hydrology and Historic Flood Analysis in the upper Verde River basin, central Arizona Jeanne E. Klawon, Arizona Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-05, March, 1998. An examination of paleo and modern floods that concludes that Hell Canyon and Sycamore Canyon are the sources of most of the severe floods in the Middle Verde.
The Economic Value of Rivers (with an emphasis on the Verde) Power Point explaining the increasing economic value of the Verde River and how this change is being accomplished by a diverse cohort of stakeholders.

Plants, Wildlife,Species Checklists and other biological treatments

Birding Checklist for the Verde River @ Clarkdale stretch of the Verde River. Updated 6/14/14. This checklist is a good general checklist for the whole middle Verde.
Dragonflies and Damselflies of Yavapai County Checklist Edited by Doug Von Gausig, 7/22/15
Arizona Dragonflies and Damselflies website An outstanding compilation of photos, distribution maps and facts about Arizona's Dragonflies and Damselflies.
Arizona Odonata website is a great compilation of damselflies and dragonflies of Arizona, with life histories, county checklists, and lots more.
Reptiles and Amphibians of Arizona Thomas Brennan and Andrew Holycross's definitive book, translated very nicely onto the web. Great range maps and superb photographs.
Common Plants of the Verde Valley and Sedona An excellent pictorial key to the common plants of the Verde Valley.
Aquatic Plant Surveys and Evaluation of Aquatic Plant Harvesting in Arizona Reservoirs 2007, Arizona Game and Fish Department
Critical Habitat expanded in the Verde for Southwestern Willow Flycatchers Verde Independent, 1/13/13, Steve Ayers.
US Fish and Wildlife Serice Final Ruling on the SW Willow Flycatcher critical habitat January 3, 2013.
Map of the SW Willow Flycatcher Critical Habitat on the Verde River USFWS, 1/3/13, from the above report. The upstream extent of the habitat is 5 river miles downstream from Sycamore Creek and 7 river miles upstream from Tuzigoot Bridge, about at the end of FR 9515 off Sycamore Canyon Road.
Verde River Fish Barrier, Appraisal-Level Investigation US Bureau of Reclamation, June, 2010, Jeff Riley et al. An investigation into sites that could create an effective fish barrier in the Upper Verde River against non-native species, thereby creating a native fish fishery upstream.
A partial checklist of plants of the Upper Verde River Compiled and researched by Frankie Coburn. Frankie expects the list to be complete sometime in 2014.
Indentifying the Sub-adult Bald Eagle - an easy way to tell the age of young Bald Eagles, which take 5 years to reach full adult plumage. Art Arenholtz, Friends of the Bosque Newsletter, November-December, 2001 Volume 8, Issue 6
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants A great photographic reference to the plants of Yavapai County by Yavapai County Cooperative Extension.

Recreation Studies, Plans, etc.

Verde River Blue Trails Access Plan 12/12, American Rivers and Riparian Systems Consulting. An access plan for the Verde River
The Verde River Blue Trail - Arizonas 190-mile Adventure! A powerPoint presentation about the American Rivers Blue Trail project on the Verde River. Doug Von Gausig, 7/2013

Surface Water, Claims, Rights, Ditches, Dams, Etc.

Imaged records of all Verde River surface water claims between Sycamore Creek and Cottonwood ZIP file, Arizona Department of Water Resources, as downloaded from their site, 10/12/12.
Hickey Ditch Water Rights Claims 36-36209 and 39-50790 and Maps
Cottonwood Ditch Water Rights Claims 39-49466 and 36-48594
Major Ditches of the Verde Valley Spreadsheet
SRP's Daily Water Report Shows the status of all of SRP's reservoirs, their inflow/outflow, depths, etc.
Determination of Non-navigability of the Verde River March, 2008, Arizona Navigable Stream Adjudication Commission. IMPORTANT: This determination is currently (as of 6/10/13) on appeal by the AZ State Land Dept.in Maricopa County Superior Court. In order to substantiate its finding of "Non-navigable", the ANSAC has compiled an impressive amount of history (dating to prehistory) as well as scientific, hydrological and anecdotal evidence as to its navagability now and in the past. The 97-page report and decision are worth reading if you want to know more about the Verde.
SRP's Motion to the Adjudication Court seeking a contested case in the Verde River's Subflow. SRP makes its case that the situation in the Verde is of sufficient urgency for the court to assign resources to settling its subflow issues and expediting the adjudication of the Verde River. Filed with the Adjudication Court, 6/28/13.
Freeport McMoRan's answer to the above SRP motion Filed with the Adjudication Court, 8/7/13.
The City of Cottonwood files its response to SRP's motion above. In this response, the City explains its objections to having the subflow issues in the Verde Valley expedited, and asks the court to designate a contested case to determine the water rights of the Yavapai-Apache Nation. Filed with the Adjudication Court, 8/6/13.
SRP's Response to the two responses above to their motion for a contested case to expedite subflow definition Filed with the Adjudication Court, 8/29/13.

Miscellaneous Documents

Letter from Senators John McCain and Jeff Flake to Verde Valley elected leaders offering support for groundwater protection and the continuing flows of the Verde River. Dated June 27, 2013. View the Press Release here
John Parson's recollection of the record flood of 1993, when the highest flow ever recorded on the Verde River occurred. The Clarkdale gauge recorded a peak flow of 53,200 CFS (about 650 times normal flow) on that day.
Coca-cola's Verde River conservation Inititive is part of their Water Replenish Program. The Nature Conservancy and the Bonneville Environmental Fund have cooperated with Coke to achieve better irrigation efficiency in the Verde Valley.

Maps of the Verde River

Google Earth Map of the Verde River with mile markers, points of interest, camp sites, access points, etc. from the old Highway 89 Bridge at Paulden to the confluence with the Salt River. (Google Earth .kmz file) To install Google Earth on your computer, go to: Google Earth. To use this file, save it to your computer, then open Google Earth and open the file from there.It's usually best to download the most current edition of this map from this site, since it is being continuously updated!
Tuzigoot RAP to Tuzigoot and back paddle map. JPEG of the 1.33-mile round trip from Tuzigoot RAP to Tuzigoot and back.
Verde River Paddle Map (Tuzigoot Bridge to 89a Bridge) Arizona State Parks
Verde River Paddle Map (89a Bridge in Cottonwood to Beasley Flat) Verde Valley Land Preservation
A Boater's Guide to the Verde River (Beasley Flat to Sheep Bridge) Arizona State Parks
Verde River @ Clarkdale Google Earth map A draft map of the Town of Clarkdale's Verde River @ Clarkdale project, showing riffles and rapids, put-ins and take-outs and other points of interest. This is a DRAFT map, and the feature names used are for convenience only. Many of these names have not been officially adopted by the Town.
Verde Valley well proliferation, 1950-2006
Verde River Watershed Map The Nature Conservancy map of the Verde River Watershed, showing the water budget for the Verde.
Verde Watershed Water Budget Map The Nature Conservancy's excellent map shows land use, water consumption and river flows very well.
Map of Verde River Basin Land Ownership Arizona Department of Water Resources, 2004
Map of the Holocene Alluvium in the Verde Valley Arizona Geological Survey maps dated 2010. The green areas are the probably Holocne Alluvium boudaries that will be used in the subflow adjudication. More maps at: http://repository.azgs.az.gov/uri_gin/azgs/dlio/999.
Verde River Blue Trail Draft Map showing access points between the headwaters and the confluence with the Salt River.
Verde River @ Clarkdale Float Map This map takes you from Lower Tapco RAP to Tuzigoot RAP, the most common float trip in this area.

General Water, Riparian, Biological

Handy Water Conversion Factors from WesternWaterLaw.com Did you know that 1 CFS will supply 646,300 gallons of water per day (enough for 4000-6500 people), or that 1 CFS for a year will provide 724 acre-feet (enough for about 3000 homes)?
Water Resources Development Commission Draft Report (10/1/2011)
The Cornerstones Report, Market-based Responses to Arizonas Water Sustainability Challenges Walton Family Foundation and National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, June, 2011.
Walton Family Foundation Freshwater Strategy (.pdf))
Water Effeciency for Instream Flow: Making the Link in Practice October, 2011; American Rivers, Alliance for Water Efficiency and the Environmental Law Institute; Dickinson et al.
ITT Value of Water Survey  Abstract
Sustainable Economic Development Plan Salmon River Community Corridor Community Enhancement and Development Plan, Sept. 2003  Abstract
Ecosystem Services and Watershed Management: A Literature Survey of Landscape Manipulation to Augment Water Supplies Dale Turner, The Nature Conservancy, 2006
Viewpoint: Western juniper expansion: Is it a threat to arid northwestern ecosystems? A. Joy Belsky, Journal of Range Management,1996
Shrub control and streamflow on rangelands: A process based viewpoint Bradford P. Wilcox, Journal of Range Management, 2002
Ecohydrological Implications of Woody Plant Encroachment Travis E. Huxman, et al, 2005, Ecological Society of America
Hydrologic Processes in the Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands: A Literature Review Rocky Mountain Research Station (USDA, US Forest Service), March, 2012. A literature review of the feasibility of reducing Pinyon-Juniper in order to increase recharge and streamflow. Abstract
Reconnaissance Watershed Analysis on the Upper and Middle Verde Watershed June 30, 2002, Loyd O. Barnett and Richard H. Hawkins, School of Renewable Natural Resources, University of Arizona. An excellent study of the effect of watershed vegetation alterations on runoff and water delivery in the Verde River Basin.
A Layperson's Guide to Arizona Water Arizona Water Education Foundation and Arizona Water Resources Research Center, 2007
Estimated Water Demand and Conservation Potential of Domestic Wells in the Sierra Vista Subwatershed, Arizona May, 2012, Western Resource Advicates and Plateau Resources
Great Migrations: By Land, Air...and Water A case for "swimways" in America's rivers that can facilitate migrating and spawning species past dams and diversions. Robert A. Hrabik, May 9, 2012, blogging on the Great River Partnership website. The Verde River is impacted by diversions that block passage of long-distance spawners, like the Colorado Pikeminnow. This short blog tells how we might correct this and allow better, safer recreational opportunities at the same time.
Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study December, 2012, Bureau of Reclamation. This is a comprehensive analysis of water demand and supply in the Colorado Basin. This is a must read if you want to learn where we are today and where we may be going in the future.Click Here for the Executive Summary There are also 7 technical reports associated with the study. You can access them ay the BOR website at: http://www.usbr.gov/lc/region/programs/crbstudy/finalreport/index.html.
Hydrological Unit Map and HUC Codes for US Rivers. Map and listing of all HUC codes for US Rivers, along with the size (in square miles) of each HUC. In this scheme, The Lower Colorado is HUC 15, the Salt is HUC 1506, the Verde River is HUC 150602, the Upper Verde is HUC 15060201, the Middle Verde is HUC 15060202, and the Lower Verde is HUC 15060203. The Verde watershed contains 6590 square miles, or 4,217,600 acres.
Trading Water June, 2013 Phoenix Magazine by Tom Marcinko. This article details the cost of water and how it is affected and controlled by various market pressures. Very interesting reading!
Declining Water Sales and Utility Revenues: A Framework for Understanding and Adapting This white paper by the Alliance for Water Efficiency (August, 2013), explores the "conservation conundrum" and other challenges faced by water utilities today. Many utilities' revenues are in decline due to decreased sales which are in turn due to increased conservation.
Hydrologic Processes in the Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands: A Literature Review Rocky Mountain Research Station (USDA, US Forest Service), March, 2012. A literature review of the feasibility of reducing Pinyon-Juniper in order to increase recharge and streamflow. Abstract
Threats to Riparian Ecosystems in Western North America: An Analysis of Existoing Literature Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Boris Poff, et. al., 2011. An analysis of the many threats to riparian ecosystems, including groundwater depletion, cattle grazing, recreation, fire, land use changes, invasive species, dams, climate change, timber harvesting, water quality issues, water diversion and mining.
Understanding Arizonas Riparian Areas George Zaimes, University of Arizona, Cooperative Extension Service, August, 2007. An examination of Arizona's riparian areas, including threats to those areas.
Drinking Water Infrastructure - Who Pays and How?(and for what?) American Rivers, June 2013. An advocate's guide to funding infrastructure, ratemaking to encourage conservation and other urgent water infrastructure topics.
Understanding the Effects of Groundwater Pumping on Streamflow Depletion through USGS Capture Maps. This webinar, held November 20th, 2013 by the USGS, explains how groundwater pumping can affect streamflow and has a great explanation of streamflow capture.
Conservation Priorities in the Colorado River Delta A comprehensive study by the Sonoran Institute, Environmental Defense Fund, University of Arizona, Centro de Investigacin en Alimentacin y Desarrollo, Pronatura Sonora, and World Wildlife Fund.
Arizona's Strategic Vision for Water Resources Sustainability The Arizona Department of Water Resources 2014 assessment of Arizona's water future and its challenges.
Wichita Falls, Texas, goes with Direct Potable Reuse project. Wichita Falls will produce 5-6 million gallons of potable water each day from its wastewater. Here's a presentation on the project
The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation's Western Water Office program works with public agencies, ranchers, irrigation districts, non-profit partners and tribal entities to fund projects that acquire water rights from wiulling sellers to increase flows in rivers, lakes and streams and help the environment.
"Verde Trout" (Roundtail Chub, Gila robusta) documents: AZ Game and Fish species account; US Bureau of Reclamation's Roundtail Chub (Gila robusta)Status Survey of the Lower Colorado River Basin; U.S. Forest Service's Roundtail Chub (Gila robusta robusta):A Technical Conservation Assessment; U.S. Fish and Wildlife's Roundtail chub, Lower Colorado River Distinct Population Segment (DPS); The Center for Biodiversity's Petition to List the Roundtail and Headwaters Chubs as Endangered Species... is a very complete reference on this fish.
The Value of Water the Value of Water Coalition's white paper on our deteriorating water infrastructure and why it's important to fix it! More info at thevalueofwater.org.
Roadmap for Considering Water for Arizona's Natural Areas (Full Document) University of Arizona Water Resources Research Center, Dec. 2014, Mott-LaCroix et al. Executive Summary The Roadmap for Considering Water for Arizonas Natural Areas contains information on the current scientific understanding of water for natural areas and existing legal considerations for providing water to natural areas, examples of where natural areas are already included in water management decisions, and an overview of available paths forward for including natural areas alongside human uses.
Water Quality in Basin-Fill Aquifers of the Southwestern United States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah, 19932009 Circular 1358, USGS, Susan A. Thiros, et.al, 2014. Interesting discussion of how basin-fill aquifers are impacted by various contaminants, including artificial recharge, and lots of great info on basin-fill aquifers in general. The Verde Valley is essentially a basin-fill aquifer.
Using terrigenic 4He to identify and quantify regional groundwater discharge to streams Gardner et al, 28 June 2011. This promising new technique may help hydrologists understand the sources of flow in surface water systems, such as the Verde. USGS will be using this for the first time in the Verde in 2015. The Towns of Camp Verde, Clarkdale and Jerome and the City of Sedona are paying for this study.
Colorado College Conservation in the West poll about peoples' attitudes about water and rivers 2015, conducted by Public Opinion Strategies.
The Bureau of Reclamation "Moving Forward" Study examines possible solutions to an over-extended water supply in the Colorado River Basin. May 2015. Here is the Executive Summary
Survey conducted for Arizona Forward by WestGroup about Arizonan's attitudes and knowledge of their water supply and challenges and willingness to intervene.
Clean Water Rule: Definition of Waters of the United States, Final Rule This is the final rule that redefines "Waters of the United States" effective July, 2015, actually 60 days after published in the Federal Register. The rule encompasses many waters that were formeraly not covered by a 404 permit.

River Channel Restoration, Stabilization, Geomorphology and Dam Removal

Rosgen Geomorphic Channel Design This NRCS document discusses the Rosgen approach to channel design and stabilzation.
The Cross-Vane, W-Weir and J-Hook Vane StructuresTheir Description, Design and Application for Stream Stabilization and River Restoration D. L. Rosgen Abstract and Summary
Numerical Analysis of River-Spanning Rock U-Weirs: Evaluating Effects of Structure Geometry on Local Hydraulics A dissertation submitted by Christopher Lee Holmquist-Johnson to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Colorado State Universtity, Summer 2011.
Reconnecting Rivers, Introduction Reconnecting Rivers: Natural Channel Design in Dam Removals and Fish Passage, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Chapter 1; Chapter 2; Appendix ; Bibliogrophy
Small Dam Removal Guide Denise Hoffert-Hay, Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board, December 2008
A Summary of Existing Research on Low-Head Dam Removal Projects American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), September 2005
Technical Issues in Small Dam Removal Engineering Brian E. Graber, Margaret Bowman, R. Scott Carney, Martin W. Doyle, Madeline Fisher, Ph.D., Scudder D. Mackey, Ph.D. and Laura Wildman, P.E. August 2001
Exploring Dam Removal - A Decision-Making Guide American Rivers and Trout Unlimited, August 2002
Dam Removal Requirements, Process, and Techniques United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guide to dam removal. July, 2007. Chapter 9 of the National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Hydromodification. The full document is available Here
Leading Small Dam Removal A Guidebook for Understanding the Natural and Social Characteristics A great guide for removal of small dams by the Huron Pines organization, March, 2012
The EPA's Water Sense Program encourages the use of water-conserving appliances in new homes and has a system of labels that demonstrate good water effciency for toilets, appliances, etc.
Fluvial Geomorphology is the study of how a river changes and moves through its life. In this presentation, Dr. David T. Williams, Ph.D., P.E., of David T. Williams and Associates, Engineers, does a fantastic job of explaining how a river works.

Economic Development, Ecosystem Services, Policy, Legal, Organizational

The Economic Contributions of Verde Valley Winemaking Erik Glenn, U of A Cooperative Extension Service, 4/10/2011
Economic Impact of Protecting Rivers, Trails and Greenway Corridors National Park Service, 1995
Renaissance on the River Greater Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce, 2001  Abstract
Riparian Ecological Services - Environmental Resources and Policy Program Southern Illinois University Carbondale (.pdf))
A Case Study of Accommodating Indigenous Cultural Values in Water Resource Management: Privatization and Co-Management Wester Social Science Association, 4/2010  Abstract
Clean Rivers Increase Property Values Delaware Riverkeeper Network  Abstract
Hearing on Impact of Green Infrastructure and Low Impact Development on the Nations Water Quality, Economy and Communities U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment Staff  Abstract
Green Infrastructure and the Green Communities Act Testimony before the Water Resources and Environment Subcommittee, 9/2010
Birding in theUnited States: A Demographic and Economic Analysis USFWS, 2006-2009  Abstract
Recreational Resource Inventories and Studies Good links and study methodology.Sergio Capozzi and Michael Taylor  Abstract
Economic Issues Affecting Parks & Recreation: A White Paper Summary of Two Special Sessions at the 2009 National Recreation and Parks Congress  Abstract
Estimates of Select Economic Values of New Hampshire Lakes, Rivers, Streams and Ponds New Hampshire Lakes Assn, 2003  Abstract
Economic Benefits of Conserved Rivers, an Annotated Bibliography NPS, 6/2001  Abstract
Use And Economic Importance of the West Branch of the Farmington River NPS and American Rivers, 9/2002  Abstract
Sustainable Water Management: Guidelines for Meeting the Needs of People and Nature in the Arid West. Andy Laurenzi, Sonoran Institute  Abstract
The 2001 Economic Benefits of Watchable Wildlife Recreation in Arizona Arizona Game and Fish Department, 10/2002   Abstract
The Economic Importance of Fishing and Hunting Arizona Game and Fish Department/ASU West, 2002   Abstract
Economic Impact Analysis of Nonconsumptive Wildlife-related Recreation in Arizona Arizona Game and Fish Department, May, 2003  Abstract
Grand Junction, Colorado's River front Trail web page
Heritage Fund Advisory Presentation on Sociology of Natural Resource Uses Loren Chase, AZ Game and Fish Dept. Sociologist, Marble Canyon, 5/21/2011
Innovations in Market-Based Watershed Conservation in the United States: Payments for Watershed Services for Agricultural and Forest Landowners Majanen, Friedman, and Milder; Prepared for: U.S. Endowment for Forestry & Communities, Inc.
Collective Impact Innovative thinking on non-profit management from the Stanford Social Innocvation Review, 2011.
Channeling Change Making Collective Impact Work, Stanford Social Innovation Review, 1/26/12.
Understanding the Value of Backbone Organizations, Part 1 Stanford Innovation Review, Shiloh Turner, Kathy Merchant, John Kania & Ellen Martin, July 17, 2012
Understanding the Value of Backbone Organizations, Part 2 Stanford Innovation Review, Shiloh Turner, Kathy Merchant, John Kania & Ellen Martin, July 18, 2012
Understanding the Value of Backbone Organizations, Part 3 Stanford Innovation Review, Shiloh Turner, Kathy Merchant, John Kania & Ellen Martin, July 19, 2012
Understanding the Value of Backbone Organizations, Part 4 Stanford Innovation Review, Shiloh Turner, Kathy Merchant, John Kania & Ellen Martin, July 20, 2012
Restoring Flows: Financing the Next Generation of Water Systems; A Strategy for Coalition Building April 2012, American Rivers and Ceres. An examination of innovative and essential ways to finance America's water systems in the future.
Bureau of Reclamation Cooperative Watershed Management program BOR's program to assist organizations in managing watershed reclamation programs with grants and administrative support
City of Santa Fe's Water Offset Program Ordinance
City of Santa Fe's Offset Program Procedures
Soquel Creek Water District Offset Program Resolution
Western Resource Advocates Compilation of Water Offset Programs
Valuing Natural Capital A 2012 report from The Nature Conservancy and Corporate Ecoforum, featuring best practices commitments from 24 US business leaders, such as CocaCola, Dell, Weyerhaeuser,GM and others.
Three short videos on Collective Impact priciples and implementation This series of short videos describes the concept of collective impact, and shows the 5 conditions of collective impact in action using The Elizabeth River Project and The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) as examples.
The Outdoor Recreation Economy The Outdoor Industry Association's 2012 analysis of the economic impact of outdoor recreation in the U.S.
Communicating the science of climate change Richard C. Somerville and Susan Joy Hassol, Phys. Today 64(10), 48 (2011); doi: 10.1063/PT.3.1296
Arizona's Recreational Use Statute This statute limits the liability of land managers/owners/lessees when their lands are used by the public for recreational and/or educational uses.   Here's a National Park Service brochure that puts it in lay terms.
City of Cottonwood's Water Strategy Paper December, 2008. "Seven key water management policies rooted in smart relations and values." Cottonwood's official strategy for water supply and the health of the Verde River.
The Aransas Project vs. Shaw A very interesting case in which the Endangered Species Act (ESA) was used to show that the State of Texas violated the ESA by failure to adequately manage groundwater systems. The case involved the endangered Whooping Cranes, and the "take" was degradation of the crane's habitat due to surface water depletion.
The Language of Conservation 2013 Updated Recommendations on How to Communicate Effectively to Build Support for Conservation. Public Opinion Strategies, April 15, 2013.
Arizona Water Policy Revisited Report on the water policy forum by the Arizona Policy Forum, Fall, 2004. makes 3 key recommendations to amend Arizona groundwater and surface water policy that could lead to more sustainable water supplies for Arizona.
Senate Bill 1575 was passed by the Arizona State Legislature in 2007. The bill allows Arizona's cities, towns and counties to adopt water adequacy rules for new developments outside the Active Management Areas (AMAs).
Water users aim for new conservation option Arizona Range News, Carol Broeder, 3/18/2015. Willcox-area well users have petitioned DWR for a Willcox Basin Groundwater Conservation Area (WBGCA), which is not an AMA nor an INA, but a third option for groundwater conservation and management.
Increasing education funding from state land trust would cost Ariz. $1B in earnings An examination of Governor Ducey's plan to increase permanent fund payouts to Arizona's schools. Yvonne Wingett Sanchez and Alia Beard Rau, Arizona Republic, 6/23/15.
Arizona State Trust Lands Annual Report, 2014
Trust Lands in The American West -- A Legal Overview and Policy Assessment Lincoln Institute of Land Policy and Sonoran Institute, 2005. Peter Culp, et al.


American Rivers Blue Trails Program
Arizona Rivers
Sonoran Institute Website
Morrison Institute Website
Citizens Water Advocacy Group CWAG
Town of Clarkdale Sustainable Clarkdale Project Includes the "Verde River @ Clarkdale" project
Cottonwood Economic Development Council CEDC
Friends of the Verde River Greenway
The Nature Conservancy TNC
The Nature Conservancy's Arizona Programs
National Audubon Society
Upper Verde River Watershed Protection Coalition
Verde Experience On Facebook
Verde River Basin Partnership VRBP
Verde River Citizens Alliance VRCA
Verde Watershed Association VWA
Verde Valley Regional Economic Organization VVREO
Yavapai County Water Advisory Committee WAC
Oak Creek Watershed Council
Verde Natural Resource Conservation District
The Stone Soup Foundation Creating a better world, one community at a time...
Verde Watershed Restoration Coalition
Verde River Valley Nature Organization
Save the Colorado is an organization devoted to conserving the Colorado River and its tributaries.
The Western Rivers Action Network is an effort by the National Audubon Society to conserve western rivers by promoting better and more active advocacy.
Verde Valley Water Users. A local organization devoted to protecting Verde Valley water rights.
Carpe Diem West is an organization that leads a broad-based network of experts, advocates, economists, decision makers and scientists to address the profound impacts the growing climate crisis is having on water in the American West.

Useful Links

Verde River's Facebook Page
Walton Family Foundation Environment Page
Verde River Greenway Web Page Arizona State Parks
Dead Horse Ranch State Park Arizona State Parks
NPS Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance Program
Tuzigoot Nat'l Monument Stats and Reports
Arizona State Parks Visitation Stats AZ Dept. of Tourism
The Verde River as a Water Source History of the Verde River as water for the city of Phoenix (City of Phoenix)
Sonoran Institute's "The Economic Benefits Associated with a Healthy Colorado River Delta"
"The Arizona We Want" official website
Verde River Facebook Page
Verde River Corridor Project, Final Report (Arizona State Parks, June, 1991)
Yuma Crossing Heritage Area website
Verde River Wild and Scenic River Page
Naturesongs' website of Natural Sounds and a Plant Guide to the Verde Valley
Local Verde Valley Weather Real-time Weather Station near Tuzigoot National Monument
Water Resources Development Commission website
Evaporation Potential Calculator from the Geotechnical, Rock and Water Resources Library.
Verde River Wild and Scenic Web site
Arizona Dept. of Water Resources Queries and Reports Common queries and reports, such as Water Rights, Recharge, Surface Water, etc. are available to the public here.
YouTube Video of the Tapco to Tuzigoot Bridge Paddling Trip Shot 7/13/12 by Doug Von Gausig. This 3-hour trip is incredible!
Mountain Buzz.com Paddling website with forums, photos, etc.
Paddling.net A great paddling on-line resource.
Verde River Runoff website
Audubon's Western Rivers Action Network is a mechanism for mobilizing support and advocacy for western US rivers, including the Verde. Visit their website to sign up and be included in action alerts and opportunities for effective advocacy.
Water Words that Work is a consulting group that assists with environmental (especially water) messaging. There are lots of good pointers on their website, too.

Streamflow Gauges

USGS Daily Streamflow Conditions for Arizona Go here to see all the USGS streamflow gauges in Arizona. Hovering over any one will display the current readings.
USGS Gauge at Verde River Near Paulden (Headwaters Gauge)
USGS Gauge at Verde River near Clarkdale
SRP Gauge at Black Bridge in Camp Verde
USGS Gauge at Oak Creek near Cornville
USGS Gauge at West Clear Creek near Camp Verde
USGS Gauge at Verde River Near Camp Verde This is the first USGS gauge below Camp Verde.
SRP Gauge at Verde Falls (below Camp Verde) This gauge is more reliable at flows below about 40CFS than the USGS gauge above.
USGS Gauge at Verde River Below Tangle Creek This is the last gauge on the river above Horseshoe Lake.
Sign up to Receive USGS Streamflow Notices by e-Mail
SRP's Verde River Watershed Monitor Includes SRP Gauge Data
NOAA's Advanced Hydrological Prediction Service site for the Clarkdale Gauge  Camp Verde Gauge   Oak Creek near Sedona  Paulden Gauge
These two Excel spreadsheets show the hourly flow of the Verde River for the last 6 years at the Clarkdale gauge and the mean daily flow for the last 48 years. Note that the graphs embedded in the sheets represent flows on May 24th of each year. You can see that the flows on May 24, 2013 hit the lowest point on record, and hit below 60 CFS for the first time ever.
This spreadsheet shows the average discharge at the Camp Verde USGS Gauge from 1935-2013.

Media Stories

The Center of It All Sedona Magazine's Summer, 2012 article on Richard Lynch's Paddle Tours on the Verde, by Tom Johnson
Northpoint Expeditionary Learning Academy in Prescott studies the Verde River Prescott Courrier, Joanna Dodder Nellans, 5/5/2011
Camp Verde Bugle Editorial on the Northern Arizona Regional Groundwater Flow Model 7/23/11 Link to the model above
Camp Verde Bugle story on the Wine Industry in the Verde Valley 7/23/11, Steve Ayers
Prescott Courier Article on the proposed Big Chino Hydroelectric Project 1/30/2012, Joanna Dodder-Nellans
Editorial: Dear leaders - let the pipe dream go Prescott Courier, 9/20/2012
Water Report is a Call to Action Prescott Daily Courier editorial (6-10-13) in response the recent Sierra Club report on the Verde.
Cottonwood Council Hears USGS Report Verde Independent, 6/21/13.
Prescott Daily Courier Article "McCain, Flake urge communities to create water plan together" Joanna Dodder Nellans, 7/19/2013. Includes commentary on the Middle Verde WAC meeting of 7/17/13.
Water Woes Spur Clashes Payson Roundup, 7/23/13. Story focuses on the Verde Watershed, Payson's solutions to water sustainability and agricultural interests' comments.
Save the Verde River Pam Hait, Arizona Republic, August 31, 2013. Excellent article by Pam Hait, who accompanied Lattie and Elva Coor on a float trip given by the Town of Clarkdale in the "Verde River @ Clarkdale" in June, 2013.
Seeing the Forest for the Water: Irrigators Willing to Pay Double to Guard Against Wildfires Julie Mueller, Northern Arizona University, National Geographic, 8/29/13. Interesting study showing that river water diverters and irrigators are willing to pay much more for their water, if it means applying the increase to preservation of forests, and thereby ensuring their supplies.
Local writer Roger Naylor's excellent story in the Arizona Republic describing his adventure kayaking on the Verde River @ Clarkdale! August 23, 2014
Critical Habitat expanded in the Verde for Southwestern Willow Flycatchers Verde Independent, 1/13/13, Steve Ayers.
Prolonged drought brings changes to the Verde River Steve Ayers, Verde Independent, July 3, 2012
Environmental Defense Fund's "River of the Month" on the Verde River Jocelyn Gibbon, EDF, September, 2012
Diamond-S Ditch signs first ever flow agreement to reduce diversions from the Verde River
Dan Campbell: Three Decades Keeping the Ark Afloat Steve Ayers, Verde Independent, 1/16/13.
Prescott, SRP move forward with enhanced Big Chino monitoring Cindy Barks, Prescott Courier, 8/29/13.
Arizona Irrigators Share Water with Desert River National Geographic on-line story about how The Nature Conservancy's Kim Schonek is helping ditch operators in the Verde Valley improve operational efficiencies that allow them to leave more water in the Verde River mainstem.
Moonshine at Peck's Lake - article by Bennie Blake in The Tab newspaper of Sedona, June, 1989, covering John McMillan's reminiscences of the old still in Brewer's Tunnel, between the Verde River and Peck's Lake, Clarkdale, AZ.
Flowtography is a new photographic method develoiped by SRP to monitor streams without expensive gauges and uplinks. Verde Independent, 2/8/15.
The Pioneer Ditch settlement_ A history of fiercely-contested property rights Camp Verde Bugle, 3/20/15. Ditch rights disputes can be settled to everyone's benefit!
Water trauma: Apprehensive farmers could face radical shortages Rachel Leingang, Arizona Capitol Times, 3/23/15. How farmers will adjust to the looming CAP shortages. Also, some interesting figures on the cost to make big Ag more efficient.
Arizona's Colorado River allocation will decrease and affect mostly farms. Capitol Times, 6/8/15.
Arizona Republic calls for Willcox AMA, Arizona Republic, 6/10/15. The Arizona Republic Editorial Board warns that "If ever there was an argument on behalf of a regulated water market in Arizona, it is in southeastern Arizona, where drought has dried up wells and fueled inevitable conflicts among nearly everyone over access to the scarce groundwater that remains."


A Verde River Paddle Trip, Tapco to Tuzigoot
The Beauty of a Flowing River on a Fall Day
White Bridge to Beasley Flat Video!Very nice, good music, very well-shot!
Where Does the Verde River Come From? 6.5 minute YouTube video

Contact Us

Email us at: mail@verderiverinstitute.org

Or contact the Executive Director:
Doug Von Gausig
630 East Cliffside Drive
Clarkdale, AZ 86324
(928) 300-6603

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Click The Button Below to Make a $30 Tax-Exempt Donation. A $35 donation will allow one more participant to kayak the Verde River with us!